Keys for Macrofungi

Over the years the British Mycological Society and it members have published a large number of keys to fungi in its journals and occasionally in the publications of other societies. We felt that it would be useful to make them accessible to everyone by publishing them on the BMS website.

This is very much a work in progress and it is hoped to continue to add keys to the web page as time permits. If you would like to add a comment or have any suggestions or queries relating to this web page then please contact either Archie McAdam or Liz Holden through the BMS office at admin@britmycolsoc.info

Where the journal is not a BMS publication, permission to reproduce the keys involved has been obtained and full acknowledgement is given.

** See below for Category Notes **

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Title Author Category Publication Year
Armillaria Roy Watling C 1976 Details

Description

Bulletin of the BMS 10:1 Spring 1976 Roy Watling recommends the Nordic Macromycete key for Armillaria

Author

Roy Watling

Publication Title

Identification of the larger fungi Roy Watling A 1973 Details

Description

Author

Roy Watling

Publication Title

Hypoxylon Pt3 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(3) This third and final article on Hypoxylon in Britain and Ireland deals with species having rounded, hemispherical or pustulate stromata [masses of tissue in or on which the fruitbodies or spores are produced]. These include many of the more familiar species which occur on birch, beech, oak and ash.

Author

Roy Anderson

Publication Title

Hypoxylon in the British Isles Part 3
Hypoxylon Pt2 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(2) This second article on Hypoxylon in Britain and Ireland …. deals with those species of Hypoxylon having effused or flattened fruiting bodies, and a real or perceived affinity to Hypoxylon rubiginosum.

Author

Roy Anderson

Publication Title

Hypoxylon in the British Isles Part 2
Hypoxylon Pt1 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(1) The taxonomy and understanding of fungi in the Xylariaceae and in particular within the genus Hypoxylon has seen a considerable number of changes in recent times, but these appear to have scarcely filtered through to the field mycologist. There are few sources in the popular literature which have adequately explained or illustrated these changes and none which encompasses them all…….This paper sets the scene by exploring recent changes in nomenclature in relation to literature sources commonly used by British field mycologists and includes a key to the species.

Author

Roy Anderson

Publication Title

Hypoxylon in the British Isles Part 1
Mycena - making a start Richard Iliffe A Details

Description

This paper, based on a paper prepared for the Leicestershire Fungus Recording Group, is a good introduction to this genus which contains many beautiful species. It allows the beginner to do exactly what the title implies. The reader is led gently into more and more detail till the species characteristics become clear. Species are grouped together in useful groupings for study and identification as far as it is possible in the field. Helpful micro characters are added together with a section on how to prepare material and how to study it with the microscope.

Author

Richard Iliffe

Publication Title

Mycena – Making a Start on Mycena
Pluteus Getting to grips Richard Iliffe A 2010 Details

Description

Author

Richard Iliffe

Publication Title

Clavaria - yellow species Peter Roberts A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9 (4) ‘…we now have three yellow or yellowish Clavaria species in the British Isles, all of them unbranched (tubular or clubshaped) and distinctly pale or dull compared with the much commoner and brighter yellow Clavulinopsis species. As with the black and brown Clavaria species (Roberts, 2007), the literature on these species is scattered, so a brief key and descriptions follow.

Author

Peter Roberts

Publication Title

Clavaria - A key to the yellow species
Clavaria - brown and black species Peter Roberts A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 8(2) this key on Clavaria concentrates on the brown and black species prompted by the discovery of not one but three rare species following a workshop in 2005

Author

Peter Roberts

Publication Title

Clavaria - Key to brown and black species
Conocybe Peter Orton C 1960 Details

Description

New Checklist of British Agarics and Boleti - Part III Notes on Genera and species in the list. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc. 43 (2), 190-198. (1960).

Author

Peter Orton

Publication Title

Cortinarius I Peter Orton B Details

Description

Author

Peter Orton

Publication Title

Cortinarius II Peter Orton B Details

Description

Author

Peter Orton

Publication Title

Psathyrella Species with a Red Gill Edge Penny Cullington A Details

Description

Author

Penny Cullington

Publication Title

Lactarius - Synoptic Key Patrick Leonard rev by A McAdam A 2008 Details

Description

This is an excellent guide to the genus which can often identify the species correctly on a foray when only macro features can be used.

Author

Patrick Leonard rev by A McAdam

Publication Title

Synoptic key to British species of Lactarius
Quick Waxcap Key Patrick Leonard A 2009 Details

Description

Author

Patrick Leonard

Publication Title

Dung Fungi M Richardson & R Watling B 1997 Details

Description

Author

M Richardson & R Watling

Publication Title

Pluteus - This is a careful attempt to clarify the confusing literarture available for identification of Pluteus species with keys to the British species Geoffrey Kibby, Antony Burnham and Alick Henrici A 2012 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 11(3) A discussion of the problems that arise when mycologists differ about species concepts in this genus with keys to separate the problem species

Author

Geoffrey Kibby, Antony Burnham and Alick Henrici

Publication Title

Some Problems in the genus Pluteus
Leccinum - Synoptic Key Geoffrey Kibby A 2008 Details

Description

From the 39 species recognized in the recent literature, current concepts have reduced the total to just 14, a dramatic reduction by any standards. Presented here is a revised synoptic key based on this work and Geoffrey’s own field observations with notes and descriptions explaining some of the more surprising synonymies and name changes. It is important to stress, as do Bakker and Noordeloos, that our knowledge is not now complete, but it is fair to say that the view of species which they present probably reflects what is ‘out there’ more accurately than any other to date.

Author

Geoffrey Kibby

Publication Title

Synoptic Key to British Species of Leccinum
Russula - Blackening Species Geoffrey Kibby A 2001 Details

Description

Field Mycology 2(3)

Author

Geoffrey Kibby

Publication Title

Cortinarius - Myxacium G Kibby, A Burnham and A Henrici A 2009 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 10(2) ‘For the time being we follow Funga Nordica in recognising just four convenient (if unnatural) groupings: Cortinarius (including Dermocybe and Leprocybe p.p.), Myxacium, Phlegmacium and Telamonia. Phlegmacium and Myxacium are traditionally separated on the extent of viscosity: in Phlegmacium the pileus is usually viscid but the stipe dry and there is an arachnoid veil, while in Myxacium both the pileus and stipe are viscid with a glutinous veil……………… Keys to species of subgenus Myxacium are keys to species which include both those which have been recorded in Britain and those which might be expected to occur in suitable habitats.

Author

G Kibby, A Burnham and A Henrici

Publication Title

Cortinarius subgenus Myxacium

Notes

Category A Keys

Category A Keys consists of keys that have been recently published in the journal Field Mycology and other recently published keys. This means that synoptic keys involving colour can now be downloaded and printed on any colour computer printer.

Category B Keys

Category B consists of keys that still offer useful information for the identification of species but need to be used alongside current checklists and more up to date keys.

Category C Keys

It is fully accepted that many of the older keys are now ‘out of date’ and should not be used for identification purposes. They can however, provide a useful service in allowing a better understanding of the species concept involved in some of the older species names recorded on the FRDBI. They can also provide an insight into the development of the taxonomic understanding of particular genera.