Keys for Macrofungi

Over the years the British Mycological Society and it members have published a large number of keys to fungi in its journals and occasionally in the publications of other societies. We felt that it would be useful to make them accessible to everyone by publishing them on the BMS website.

This is very much a work in progress and it is hoped to continue to add keys to the web page as time permits. If you would like to add a comment or have any suggestions or queries relating to this web page then please contact either Archie McAdam or Liz Holden through the BMS office at admin@britmycolsoc.info

Where the journal is not a BMS publication, permission to reproduce the keys involved has been obtained and full acknowledgement is given.

** See below for Category Notes **


Title Author Category Publication Year
Agarics and Boleti - Key to Genus Archie McAdam A 2009 Details

Description

This is a guide for beginners who take seriously their desire to know how to identify agarics and boleti to genus. After the keys themselves there is an updated summary of the Agarics and Boleti section of Guide to the Literature for the Identification of British Basidiomycetes by Brand, Henrici and Leonard intended for beginners, but useful to all. Then an Index of Genera in 10 publications, including the booklet itself and the recent Funga Nordica. In addition to the main key to genera, Archie includes a key to Galerina which updates the problem key in British Fungus Flora Volume 7 and Derek Schafer's Simplified Key to Coprinus s.l. A comprehensive glossary of terms used in the booklet is included. This key is available as a book suitable to take on forays. The book is now (2011) in its second edition and can be purchased from Summerfield Books, 3 Phoenix Park, Skelton, Penrith, Cumbria, CA11 9SD, or by email info@summerfieldbooks.com, Tel +44(0)1768 484 909.
Armillaria Roy Watling C 1976 Details

Description

Bulletin of the BMS 10:1 Spring 1976 Roy Watling recommends the Nordic Macromycete key for Armillaria
Clavaria - brown and black species Peter Roberts A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 8(2) this key on Clavaria concentrates on the brown and black species prompted by the discovery of not one but three rare species following a workshop in 2005
Clavaria - yellow species Peter Roberts A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9 (4) ‘…we now have three yellow or yellowish Clavaria species in the British Isles, all of them unbranched (tubular or clubshaped) and distinctly pale or dull compared with the much commoner and brighter yellow Clavulinopsis species. As with the black and brown Clavaria species (Roberts, 2007), the literature on these species is scattered, so a brief key and descriptions follow.
Conocybe Peter Orton C 1960 Details

Description

New Checklist of British Agarics and Boleti - Part III Notes on Genera and species in the list. Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc. 43 (2), 190-198. (1960).
Cortinarius - Myxacium G Kibby, A Burnham and A Henrici A 2009 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 10(2) ‘For the time being we follow Funga Nordica in recognising just four convenient (if unnatural) groupings: Cortinarius (including Dermocybe and Leprocybe p.p.), Myxacium, Phlegmacium and Telamonia. Phlegmacium and Myxacium are traditionally separated on the extent of viscosity: in Phlegmacium the pileus is usually viscid but the stipe dry and there is an arachnoid veil, while in Myxacium both the pileus and stipe are viscid with a glutinous veil……………… Keys to species of subgenus Myxacium are keys to species which include both those which have been recorded in Britain and those which might be expected to occur in suitable habitats.
Cortinarius I Peter Orton B Details

Description

Cortinarius II Peter Orton B Details

Description

Cup Fungi of Britain Pt1 Brian Spooner A 2000 Details

Description

Cup Fungi of Britain Pt2 Brian Spooner A Details

Description

Cup Fungi of Britain Pt3 Brian Spooner A 2001 Details

Description

Cup Fungi of Britain Pt4 Brian Spooner A 2000 Details

Description

Dung Fungi M Richardson & R Watling B 1997 Details

Description

Galerina - Synoptic Key David Savage A 2008 Details

Description

This key by David Savage, 2008 is intended as an alternative approach to fitting Galerina specimens to the descriptions in British Fungus Flora Vol. 7 (Watling & Gregory). Most of the species in BFF 7 are included in the key. No account has been made for any changes to species descriptions, limits, or names, made since the issue of BFF 7.
Hypoxylon Pt1 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(1) The taxonomy and understanding of fungi in the Xylariaceae and in particular within the genus Hypoxylon has seen a considerable number of changes in recent times, but these appear to have scarcely filtered through to the field mycologist. There are few sources in the popular literature which have adequately explained or illustrated these changes and none which encompasses them all…….This paper sets the scene by exploring recent changes in nomenclature in relation to literature sources commonly used by British field mycologists and includes a key to the species.
Hypoxylon Pt2 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(2) This second article on Hypoxylon in Britain and Ireland …. deals with those species of Hypoxylon having effused or flattened fruiting bodies, and a real or perceived affinity to Hypoxylon rubiginosum.
Hypoxylon Pt3 Roy Anderson A 2008 Details

Description

Published in Field Mycology 9(3) This third and final article on Hypoxylon in Britain and Ireland deals with species having rounded, hemispherical or pustulate stromata [masses of tissue in or on which the fruitbodies or spores are produced]. These include many of the more familiar species which occur on birch, beech, oak and ash.
Lactarius - Synoptic Key Patrick Leonard rev by A McAdam A 2008 Details

Description

This is an excellent guide to the genus which can often identify the species correctly on a foray when only macro features can be used.
Leccinum - Synoptic Key Geoffrey Kibby A 2008 Details

Description

From the 39 species recognized in the recent literature, current concepts have reduced the total to just 14, a dramatic reduction by any standards. Presented here is a revised synoptic key based on this work and Geoffrey’s own field observations with notes and descriptions explaining some of the more surprising synonymies and name changes. It is important to stress, as do Bakker and Noordeloos, that our knowledge is not now complete, but it is fair to say that the view of species which they present probably reflects what is ‘out there’ more accurately than any other to date.
Mycena - making a start Richard Iliffe A Details

Description

This paper, based on a paper prepared for the Leicestershire Fungus Recording Group, is a good introduction to this genus which contains many beautiful species. It allows the beginner to do exactly what the title implies. The reader is led gently into more and more detail till the species characteristics become clear. Species are grouped together in useful groupings for study and identification as far as it is possible in the field. Helpful micro characters are added together with a section on how to prepare material and how to study it with the microscope.

Notes

Category A Keys

Category A Keys consists of keys that have been recently published in the journal Field Mycology and other recently published keys. This means that synoptic keys involving colour can now be downloaded and printed on any colour computer printer.

Category B Keys

Category B consists of keys that still offer useful information for the identification of species but need to be used alongside current checklists and more up to date keys.

Category C Keys

It is fully accepted that many of the older keys are now ‘out of date’ and should not be used for identification purposes. They can however, provide a useful service in allowing a better understanding of the species concept involved in some of the older species names recorded on the FRDBI. They can also provide an insight into the development of the taxonomic understanding of particular genera.